Frequently Asked Questions
Q: What is cybersecurity?
A: Cybersecurity refers to the practice of protecting computer systems, networks, and data from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification, or destruction. It involves implementing security measures, such as firewalls, antivirus software, encryption, and user authentication.
Q: What is the cloud?
A: The cloud refers to the delivery of computing services, such as storage, servers, databases, software, and networking, over the internet. Cloud computing allows users to access resources and services on-demand, without the need for physical infrastructure or local storage.
Q: What is data backup and recovery?
A: Data backup is the process of creating copies of important files or data to protect against data loss. Data recovery involves restoring data from backups in case of accidental deletion, hardware failure, data corruption, or other disasters.
Q: What is network security?
A: Network security involves protecting computer networks from unauthorized access, misuse, or disruption. It includes implementing measures like firewalls, intrusion detection systems (IDS), virtual private networks (VPNs), and access controls to safeguard network infrastructure and data.
Q: What is the difference between hardware and software?
A: Hardware refers to the physical components of a computer system, such as the central processing unit (CPU), memory, hard drive, and peripherals. Software, on the other hand, refers to the programs, applications, and data that run on a computer system, including the operating system, applications, and utilities.
Q: What is an IP address?
A: An IP address (Internet Protocol address) is a unique numerical label assigned to each device connected to a computer network. It serves as the device’s identifier and allows it to communicate and interact with other devices on the network.
Q: What is a firewall?
A: A firewall is a security device or software that monitors and controls incoming and outgoing network traffic based on predefined security rules. It acts as a barrier between a trusted internal network and an untrusted external network (such as the internet), protecting against unauthorized access and potential threats.
Q: What is malware?
A: Malware is short for malicious software. It refers to any software designed to harm, disrupt, or gain unauthorized access to computer systems or networks. Examples of malware include viruses, worms, ransomware, spyware, and adware.